Making Spanish Words Plural
Making words plural in Spanish is not complicated. In a manner familiar to English speakers, most words are made plural by adding s or es to the end of the word. As in English, there are exceptions to this rule though. -- Read on for the details of making plurals.
Start by looking at these examples of making Spanish words plural.
|la palabra||las palabras||word|
|el radio||los radios||radio|
Already there is something to see that's different from the way plurals are made in English. Notice that in making a plural of a noun, we not only add the letter s to make a plural of the noun itself, but also change the definite article before the noun to make it a plural as well.
Ways to make words plural
There are two things to note in these plural examples. Notice that the la changes to las when the word is in plural form.
Also notice that in most cases the words that end in vowels add an s to the end of the word to make a plural and the words that end in consonants add an es to the end of the word to make it a plural.
Spanish words that end in z
Spanish words that end in the letter z have a different way to make a plural -- just drop the letter Z and add ces. Here are some examples:
|una vez||dos veces||one time|
|una luz||dos luces||light|
Adjectives agree in number with the nouns they describe
In English we say those are beautiful trees -- and we also say that is a beautiful tree. -- The adjective beautiful is the same exact word for one tree or for a hundred trees.
On the other hand, in the Spanish language the adjective changes to plural when the noun it describes is plural. Here are some examples of this:
|arbol bonito||arboles bonitos||beautiful trees|
|un dia soleado||dos dias soleados||sunny days|
You can basically use the same rules for making plurals out of adjectives that you use for making nouns into plural form.