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Glossary Of Grammar Terms
- Adjectives describe nouns. They answer the questions: which? what kind of? how many? For example: I am reading a good book -- Estoy leyendo un buen libro.
- Adverbs describe verbs.(and sometimes adjectives and other adverbs) - They answer the questions: how? when? where?
- adverbial phrase
- This is a group of words that act like an adverb.
- Theses are the words a, an, the. (el, la, los, las)
- auxiliary verb
- A second verb that works with and helps the main verb. In the sentence, I am running, am is an auxiliary verb helping the verb running.
- This is a form of an adjective. It's used when adjectives are being used to compare 2 things. For example good, better, best.
- This is the practice of putting a verb through all the different forms it can take on. I walk, you walk, he walks - and in past tense: I walked, you walked, he walked.
- This is a word or phrase that connects 2 other words or phrases.
- Words that demonstrate (point out) like saying: this, that, those - in Spanish este, ese, estos.
- Used for nouns to say if they're masculine or feminine. In English gender is usually limited to people and animals - (like saying he or she) But in Spanish all nouns have a gender, and this is learned when the noun is learned. For example the word book, el libro, is a masculine noun in Spanish.
- A form of a verb used when giving instructions. For example: Come here. - Ven aquí.
- This is the form of verb you find in the dictinary. In English it always has the word to in front of it - for example: to run - and in Spanish it ends in ar, er, or ir - for example: correr.
- irregular verb
- A verb that changes its form away from a standard pattern when conjugated.
- A word that is a person, place, or thing.
- In a grammatical sense, this refers to if a something is singular or plural.
- This is talking about how words are used in a sentence - the object is the word that has the action happen to it. In the sentence The boy ate the apple. - the apple is the object.
- More than one of an item.
- personal pronoun
- Words that refer to people like I, you, he, she - and in Spanish yo, tu, Usted, el, ella.
- These are words that imply ownership. Such as my(my house), your(your car), his, her - and in Spanish the possessive words are mi(mi casa), tu(tu carro), su.
- These are words that take the place of nouns. So instead of saying My son is smart, if it's understood who you're talking about, you can say He is smart.
- These are words that help describe something's location or other information. Examples are on, in, for, around. In Spanish words like por and para are prepositions.
- reflexive pronoun
- These are pronouns that refer to the subject person like myself, yourself. In Spanish me and te.
- reflexive verb
- Reflexive verbs have their action done to the subject of the sentence. You'll see reflexive verbs in Spanish always have se with them - for example larvarse - to wash up.
- Refering to only one of an item - as opposed to plural for more than one.
- The part of the sentence that's doing the action.
- This is "the best" when doing a comparison of good, better, and best. In other words, it's "the most" of something, whether, best, worst, happiest, saddest, etc.
- A word that has the same meaning as another word.
- A change in the verb to reflect a change in time - past, present, future.
- These are the action words in a sentence. These are the words that are doing something.