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Glossary Of Grammar Terms

Adjectives describe nouns. They answer the questions: which? what kind of? how many? For example: I am reading a good book -- Estoy leyendo un buen libro.

Adverbs describe verbs.(and sometimes adjectives and other adverbs) - They answer the questions: how? when? where?

adverbial phrase
This is a group of words that act like an adverb.

Theses are the words a, an, the. (el, la, los, las)

auxiliary verb
A second verb that works with and helps the main verb. In the sentence, I am running, am is an auxiliary verb helping the verb running.

This is a form of an adjective. It's used when adjectives are being used to compare 2 things. For example good, better, best.

This is the practice of putting a verb through all the different forms it can take on. I walk, you walk, he walks - and in past tense: I walked, you walked, he walked.

This is a word or phrase that connects 2 other words or phrases.

Words that demonstrate (point out) like saying: this, that, those - in Spanish este, ese, estos.

Used for nouns to say if they're masculine or feminine. In English gender is usually limited to people and animals - (like saying he or she) But in Spanish all nouns have a gender, and this is learned when the noun is learned. For example the word book, el libro, is a masculine noun in Spanish.

A form of a verb used when giving instructions. For example: Come here. - Ven aquí.

This is the form of verb you find in the dictinary. In English it always has the word to in front of it - for example: to run - and in Spanish it ends in ar, er, or ir - for example: correr.

irregular verb
A verb that changes its form away from a standard pattern when conjugated.

A word that is a person, place, or thing.

In a grammatical sense, this refers to if a something is singular or plural.

This is talking about how words are used in a sentence - the object is the word that has the action happen to it. In the sentence The boy ate the apple. - the apple is the object.

More than one of an item.

personal pronoun
Words that refer to people like I, you, he, she - and in Spanish yo, tu, Usted, el, ella.

These are words that imply ownership. Such as my(my house), your(your car), his, her - and in Spanish the possessive words are mi(mi casa), tu(tu carro), su.

These are words that take the place of nouns. So instead of saying My son is smart, if it's understood who you're talking about, you can say He is smart.

These are words that help describe something's location or other information. Examples are on, in, for, around. In Spanish words like por and para are prepositions.

reflexive pronoun
These are pronouns that refer to the subject person like myself, yourself. In Spanish me and te.

reflexive verb
Reflexive verbs have their action done to the subject of the sentence. You'll see reflexive verbs in Spanish always have se with them - for example larvarse - to wash up.

Refering to only one of an item - as opposed to plural for more than one.

The part of the sentence that's doing the action.

This is "the best" when doing a comparison of good, better, and best. In other words, it's "the most" of something, whether, best, worst, happiest, saddest, etc.

A word that has the same meaning as another word.

A change in the verb to reflect a change in time - past, present, future.

These are the action words in a sentence. These are the words that are doing something.

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